Traffic Shaping Wizard: Introduction

traffic shaping wizard

These are the options seen under the Wizards tab in the Traffic Shaper in pfSense 2.1.

Traffic Shaping Wizard Introduced

You can configure the traffic shaper through one of the traffic shaping wizards, manually through the pfSense web GUI, or even at by editing pf.conf in FreeBSD at the command line. It is recommended, however, that when you are using the traffic shaper for the first time, you use the traffic shaping wizard, which will guide you through the process. Due to the complexity of the shaper queues and rules, it is not a good idea to attempt starting out configuring the traffic shaper manually. If you need custom rules, step through the wizard and approximate what you will need, then make the custom rules afterward. Each screen will set up unique queues and rules that will control what traffic is assigned to the queues. If you want to configured everything manually, simply specify your WAN speed at the first screen, then click Next through all the remaining screens without actually configuring anything.


To start the traffic shaping wizard under pfSense 2.1, navigate to Firewall -> Traffic Shaper, and click on the “Wizards” tab. There are several different wizards, each one pertaining to a different pfSense network interface setup:

  • Single LAN multi WAN: There is one local network, but there are multiple interfaces for the WAN (this would be common in a load balancing scenario, in which outgoing and incoming traffic is distributed among two or more WAN interfaces). NOTE: You would also use this in the case where you only have one WAN and one LAN. Just specify 1 for the number of WAN links when going through the wizard
  • Single WAN multi LAN: There is only a single WAN interface, but there are multiple local networks.
  • Multiple LAN/WAN: This will set up traffic shaping in cases where you have both multiple local networks and multiple WAN networks.
  • Dedicated Links: This is for when you want to manage more than one link which gets routerd to a separate, different LAN in the same box. For example, assume you were providing services to 4 different customers in one building and they each had their own separate internet connections. You could run all 4 internet connections through a single pfSense box and provide different traffic shaping configurations for each. Thus, you could have several “virtual” links through a single interface.

In the next article, we will begin working our way through the traffic shaping wizard and look at the different options available within it.


Other Articles in This Series:

Traffic Shaping in pfSense: What it Does
QoS Management Using the Traffic Shaper Wizard
Queue Configuration in pfSense 2.1
Traffic Shaping Rules in pfSense 2.1
Layer 7 Groups in pfSense 2.1
Bandwidth Limiting with the pfSense Limiter
Deep Packet Inspection Using Layer 7 Traffic Shaping

External Links:

Traffic shaping at Wikipedia

External Links:

Traffic Shaping Guide at doc.pfsense.org

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